What Is Obesity?
Obesity is a substantial public health crisis in the America and the rest of the industrialized world. According to the CDC, around 93.3 million US adults are obese. The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinologists define obesity as a complex disease characterized as a pathophysiological process that results in increased adipose tissue mass which can result in increased morbidity and mortality. Basically, obesity represents a state of abnormal or excess accumulation of body fat storage that presents a risk to health.
The most common metric used to diagnose obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI). However, BMI is often misleading since it does not directly measure body fat and lean mass. People with more lean mass (i.e. athlete, bodybuilder) may have a BMI classified as being obese although they don’t have excess body fat. Body composition analysis is the best method for diagnosing obesity in addition to helping guide treatment.
|BMI WEIGHT CLASSIFICATION Below 18.5||Underweight|
|18.5 – 24.9||Normal|
What Are The Causes Of Obesity?
Obesity is a multifactorial complex disease and usually results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including:
- Genetics and Family History
- Social & Economic Issues
- Lack of Physical Activity
- Poor Nutritional Choices
- Excessive Alcohol Use
- Lack of Sleep
- “Yo-Yo” Dieting
- Hormonal Imbalances
- And more...
Some common symptoms of obesity include shortness of breath, increased sweating, snoring, joint and muscle pain, and the inability to participate fully in physical activity. Obesity is a condition that leads to other serious health problems, each of which has its own set of symptoms. Obese persons compared to those with a normal or healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions.
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